How to carry out a Fiber Optic deployment project?
FTTH projects or what, in Afronta Group, are called turnkey projects, comprise the following stages:
Design of FTTH networks, for the optimal solution, according to the desired requirements or geographical conditions.
Layouts and technical studies for the location of FTTH networks. All land where passive elements are included are subject to stakeout to confirm a quality installation.
Construction, installation and commissioning of the FTTH network. Which is accompanied by manual laying, using posts, walls, facades and bridges; or pneumatic laying through micro and mini-trenches. In addition, civil works are carried out (pipes, manholes, chambers,…).
Support for corrective and preventive maintenance, remotely and on-site.
Management of locations, permits:
Location of locations and management of permits for the installation of FTTH networks.
Administrative management of co-locations, such as the management of Telefónica Shared Use Requests.
Legalization and regulation:
Audits and expert opinions.
Direction and certification of work.
Environmental rating. Basic study and Health and Safety Plan.
Management of construction permits and MARCo agreements with municipalities or with Telefónica.
Necessary actions related to the National Markets and Competition Commission, such as the registration in the Operators Registry, the request for numbering or the monthly, quarterly and annual reports.
Other procedures with the CNMC, the Ministry of Industry and other operators (OBA, NEBA, etc.).
According to the report on Broadband Coverage in Spain in 2019, published in April 2020 by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, Spain has 14,487,413 households connected to optical fibers, thus reaching 80.4% of national FTTH coverage. Taking into account that the European average (EU28) is 30%, Spain is in a prominent position.
The total number of homes passed with Fiber to the Home (FTTH) and Fiber to the Building (FTTB) in the EU39 reached almost 172 million homes compared to 160 million in 2018, according to the FTTH Council Europe. Spain is among the promoters of homes connected to fiber optics, achieving an increase of 1.5 million homes.
The ranking of countries with clients connected to fiber optics is led by Iceland (65.9%), followed by Belarus (62.8%), Sweden (56.8%) and, then, with the highest number of facilities connected to fiber that the sum of France (25.6%), Italy (4.1%), Germany (3.3%) and the United Kingdom (2.8%), is placed Spain (54.3%).
Source: FTTH Council Europe
Source: Secretary of State for Telecommunications and Digital Infrastructures
Spain is in full growth, although there are still areas in which to deploy fiber optics and to provide high-speed Internet access, as shown in the FTTH coverage map of June 2019. In rural areas, the coverage of fiber reaches 46%, compared to 21% of the European average.
According to the Spain Digital 2025 Plan, the aim is to "guarantee adequate digital connectivity for 100% of the population, promoting the disappearance of the digital divide between rural and urban areas." To do this, the Government is launching aid such as the New Generation National Broadband Extension Program, which offers financial assistance to bring new generation networks (especially fiber optics) to the largest possible percentage of the population.